If you are a researcher, you have particularly easy access to the Danish labour market.
Please note that there are special rules for guest researchers and for PhD students.
Read more about guest researchers
Read more about PhD students
There must be particular reasons why the research should be carried out by you. Normally, research work is considered to be so closely linked to the individual researcher that the general employment situation in Denmark is not decisive for whether or not you can be granted a residence and work permit.
You must have a written job contract or job offer which specifies salary and employment conditions. Salary and employment conditions must correspond to Danish standards. Full-time employments is not a requirement, and you may work partly in Denmark, partly outside Denmark.
A researcher who wishes to be attached to several Danish universities as a researcher must submit an application for for a work permit for sideline employment. Salary and employment conditions must correspond to Danish standards.
Please note that if you hold a residence permit as a researcher, if your job content changes while you are working for the same university or company, for example if you are promoted or if your place of work or research project changes, you do not need to apply for a new residence and work permit, provided that salary and employment conditions still correspond to Danish standards.
However, you must inform the Danish Agency for International Recruitment and Integration if your salary and employment conditions deteriorate.
Permit will not lapse if you stay abroad
If you hold a residence permit as a researcher, you are free to work both in and outside Denmark - within the duration of our permit - without your permit lapsing.
Normally, a residence permit will automatically lapse if the holder gives up his or her residence in Denmark, or if the holder stays outside Denmark for over six months. In order to reside in Denmark once again, the holder will need to apply anew. Researchers are exempt from this rule.
Researchers on short-term stays may be exempt from the regulations
If you have been invited as a researcher, scientist or lecturer to teach or give lectures, you may do so without a residence and work permit, provided your stay does not exceed three consecutive months, calculated from the day of arrival in Denmark.
Likewise, if you are to work as a researcher or guest researcher attached to a university or company in Denmark, you may do so without a residence and work permit, provided your stay does not exceed three consecutive months, calculated from the day of arrival in Denmark.
If you are a citizen of a country with a visa requirement to enter Denmark, you must have obtained a visa valid for the entire stay before entering Denmark in accordance with the general conditions for the granting of a visa. If you are exempt from the visa requirement, you also need to observe the general visa conditions.
See list of countries with a visa requirement
If your stay in Denmark is expected to exceed three months, you must have a residence and work permit covering the entire period, including the first three months. You must have obtained the permit prior to arriving in Denmark.
If you get a residence and work permit on the grounds of an unlimited job contract (that is, a job contract with no expiration date), the duration of your permit will normally be four years. After this point, you can apply for an extension of your permit if you are still in the same job. If your permit expires, and you have applied for an extension, and you are still in the same job, on the same terms, as when you got your original permit, then you can stay in Denmark and continue working while your application for an extension is being processed.
If you get a residence and work permit on the grounds of a temporary job contract, the duration of your permit will be the same as that of your job contract.
Your residence permit will expire 14 days after your job contract ends, but for a maximum of four years.
Please note that it is a condition that your passport is valid for at least three months beyond the duration of your residence permit.
Read more about passport requirements in connection with your application
If you submit your application from your country of origin or another country where you have legally resided for at least the past three months, you can be granted a residence permit valid for one month prior to the date your job begins. This is to enable you to get settled in Denmark. It is a condition that you declare that you can support yourself and any accompanying family members for one month prior to beginning at your new job. If you do not declare this, your residence permit will be valid for 14 days prior to the date your job begins. If you submit your application in Denmark, your residence permit will be valid from the date your job begins.
If you find a new job
If you find a new job while you are working, you must apply for a new residence and work permit. However, you may begin your new job before you have received your new permit, provided that you submit your application no later than the day you start your new job.
How to apply
Read more about how to apply for a residence and work permit as an employee
If the university or company that has employed you as a researcher is certified, you can apply under the Fast-track scheme.
Read more about the Fast-track scheme
If you have been granted a residence and work permit as a researcher or guest researcher, you can bring certain family members.
Read more about residence permit for accompanying family members