Permanent residence when you are an EU citizen or a family member to an EU citizen
You have stayed in Denmark according to EU regulations for at least 5 consecutive years.
Normal processing time
Who can obtain proof of the right to permanent residence in Denmark?
You have the right to permanent residence under EU rules when you have had genuine and effective residence in Denmark for at least five consecutive years and throughout the period have met the conditions for one (or more) types of grounds for residence under EU rules.
What are the conditions for obtaining permanent residence?
In order to obtain the right to permanent residence under EU rules, you must be aware of the following terms and conditions.
To have established genuine and effective residence implies that you have lived your life and arranged yourself in such a way that shows that you have lived and had a daily life in Denmark.
You must therefore have undertaken a genuine and effective relocation to Denmark. It is not sufficient that you have been registered at a Danish address, or that you are the owner or tenant of a home in Denmark.
During the entirety of the five consecutive years, you must have met the conditions for at least one type of grounds for residence according to the EU rules.
It does not matter whether you met the conditions for the same type of grounds for residence during the entire period.
As an EU citizen, you may therefore have had several different types of grounds for residence during the five-year period, either consecutively or simultaneously. These may have been independent grounds for residence, as, for example, a worker or student, or derived to you as the family member to another EU citizen.
As a third-country national, your grounds for residence will normally have been as a family member to an EU citizen.
As mentioned, you must normally have had genuine and effective residence in Denmark for the entire five-year period.
Temporary residence abroad for a total of less than six months per year, however, will not in and of itself prevent you from obtaining permanent residence.
The same applies to time abroad of up to one year’s duration due to extraordinary reasons, or long-term residence abroad due to conscription.
What rights do a permanent EU residence document give me?
You have the same rights as with a non-permanent EU residence document, with the addition that you no longer need to meet the conditions of your original grounds for residence.
This means that you do not lose your right to residence if you, for example, no longer work, study, run your own business etc.
Can I lose my permanent right to residence?
If you have obtained permanent right to residence, you retain it as long as you have genuine and effective residence in Denmark.
Abroad for fewer than two years
You do not lose your permanent right to residence if you reside outside Denmark for fewer than two years.
Please note that your municipality of residence will ask for confirmation from SIRI of your continued right to residence when, after your return to Denmark, you seek to register your address with the Civil Registration System (CPR). You only need to use the confirmation if you are to establish / have established residence abroad, and your address was therefore removed from the CPR. If you were only abroad for holiday or the like, and your address was not removed from the CPR, you do not need the confirmation.
Abroad for more than two years
If you have obtained permanent right to residence and plan to reside outside Denmark for more than two years and you intend to return to Denmark subsequently, you may in special cases receive dispensation, so that your right to residence does not terminate.
In your application for dispensation, you must document the reason and length of your residence outside Denmark. SIRI can, depending on the circumstances, grant dispensation from termination for up to two years (beyond the two years you have the right to be abroad when you have permanent right to residence).
If you have permanent residence in Denmark, receiving public benefits will not have any impact on your right to reside in Denmark.
If you no longer meet the requirements for either permanent right to residence or for one of the other types of grounds for residence under EU rules your ties to Denmark will be considered as one of several factors that could influence whether you retain your right to residence. Other factors include how long you have lived in Denmark and your work history here.
SIRI will write to you to inform you if it is considering making a decision that could affect your right to residence, for example, if you have been abroad for an extended period. In such instances, you will have the opportunity to provide information or documentation to support extending your residence.
Can my family qualify for a permanent EU residence document?
Your family does not automatically obtain the right to permanent residence under EU rules because you have obtained the right to permanent residence.
Your family must have had genuine and effective residence in Denmark for five consecutive years and during the entire period have met the conditions for grounds for residence under EU rules.
Your family members are not covered by your application for permanent right to residence and must therefore submit their own applications for permanent right to residence (after five years of residence).
What more do I need to know before I apply for proof of the right to permanent residence?
Applications for a residence document under EU rules must be submitted to the Agency for International Recruitment and Integration (SIRI).
The ‘How to Apply’ tab (at right) provides more information about the application process, as well as the application form itself.
SIRI normally makes its decision based on the information and documents you submit with the application form. In some cases, SIRI will need to contact you to request further information.
Please note that SIRI will only request information from you. Your employer, for example, will not be contacted to provide information. Likewise, SIRI will not provide information about your application to others than you. If SIRI is contacted – by telephone or in writing – by anyone other than you requesting information about your application, the request will normally be turned down.
You may grant SIRI permission to give information about your application to others than yourself. To grant someone else permission to receive information, you must submit a power of attorney in advance. The power of attorney needs to indicate by name the individuals authorised to receive information about your application.
If you state in your application that you are being represented by a solicitor, you do not need to submit a power of attorney. Solicitors, due to their profession, are automatically granted power of attorney. If you are being represented by a solicitor, SIRI will send all correspondence about your application to your solicitor.
You are an EU citizen
You can submit an application for proof of the right to permanent residence starting one month before you have been in Denmark for five consecutive years. Since it is not mandatory to apply for proof of the right to permanent residence there is no limit on how long you have to submit an application. If you meet the conditions for permanent residence, you, in principle, have this right, regardless of whether you apply for proof of it or not.
If you do not meet the conditions for permanent residence, you must continue to meet the grounds for another type of residence under EU rules, regardless of whether you have been in Denmark for five years or more, and regardless of whether you apply for proof of permanent residence.
You are a citizen of a third country
You can submit your application for proof of permanent residence no sooner than one month before you have been in Denmark for five consecutive years.
However, you must always submit the application before your residence card expires.
In this tab, you can read about the application process.
You must submit your application to the Danish Agency for International Recruitment and Integration (SIRI).
You can submit you application for permanent residence under EU regulations in one of three different ways:
- You can submit your application online,
- You can submit your application without appearing in person by sending your application via SIRI's contact form, or
- You can submit your application in person at one of SIRI’s branch offices in Copenhagen, Odense, Aarhus, Aalborg, Esbjerg, Sønderborg or on Bornholm.
Read more on all three options below.
Before reading this tab about submitting an application for permanent EU residence, we recommend that you read about the conditions for permanent residence etc. in the ‘Need to know’ tab at left.
It is a good idea to gather the necessary documents before you start to complete the application form.
You can use the checklist below.
You must always attach:
If you submit your application to SIRI in person or via our contact form, you must also submit:
If your grounds for residence changed during your stay in Denmark, please submit documentation of all of your grounds for residence.
If you are or have been a Worker:
If you are or have been a Self-employed person:
If you are or have been a Person with sufficient funds:
If you are or have been a Student:
If you are or have been a Family member to an EU citizen:
Expect to use
to complete the application form
You complete the application form yourself
In this step you have access to the relevant application form OD1.
You can choose between an online form and a printable form.
Both types of application forms contain instructions on how to complete the form and what kind of documents you must submit along with the form.
If you choose to complete OD1 online, you must make sure you have all documents ready in a digital format, in order to attach them to the online application form.
Printable application form
If you choose the printable form OD1C, it must be completed and submitted in person at one of our branch offices together with the relevant documentation.
The application form in Word format can be completed on the screen before you print. The application form in pdf format must be printed first and then completed by hand.
You have applied online
If you have applied online, the application has already been submitted.
You wish to submit a printable application form
You can chose to submit your application digitally via SIRI's contact form or to submit in person at SIRI’s branch offices in Copenhagen, Odense, Aarhus, Aalborg, Esbjerg, Sønderborg or on Bornholm.
Remember to book an appointment at SIRI!
If you a a citizen of a country outside the EU/EEA and Switzerland, you must have your biometric features recorded in order to be issued a residence card. This means that you must have a facial photo taken and submit your fingerprints. Your facial photo and your fingerprints will be stored in a chip on the residence card you will receive, if you are granted a residence document.
If you do not agree to have your biometric features recorded, we cannot issue the physical residence card to you.
You can have your biometric features recorded in one of SIRI's branch offices. You can choose to do so while we are processing your application. You can also choose to wait, until we have processed your application and you have received your residence document. Please note, however, that the residence card cannot be issued before you have had your biometric features recorded.
You can see the normal case processing time to the right of this tab. When we have made a decision in your case, you will receive an answer.
SIRI will contact you, if we need further information to process your case. In some instances SIRI will ask you to appear in person for an ID check in one of our branch offices.
In some cases, we will need to obtain further information, e.g. from other public authorities, including SKAT and the police and relevant authorities abroad.
You have the right to stay and work in Denmark while you wait for an answer.