The Dublin Regulation (Regulation No 604/2013) is an agreement between EU member states, Norway, Switzerland, Iceland and Liechtenstein that determines that an application submitted in one of the EU-countries will only be processed by one country. The rule does also ensure that there is always one country that is responsible for processing an application for asylum.
The regulation determines the responsibility for an application for asylum
The Dublin Regulation is primarily concerned with identifying which country is responsible for processing an application for asylum. The regulation includes criteria for determining which country is responsible. In order of precedence, they are:
The country where the applicant’s family is legally present.
The country that issued the applicant’s residence permit or visa.
The first member state the applicant entered as an undocumented foreign national.
The country where the applicant initially requested asylum.
How is the regulation enforced?
After being registered as an asylum seeker at the police, you will be asked to appear for a meeting at the Immigration Service to determine your motive for seeking asylum as well as to obtain other information.
The Immigration Service will seek to identify whether immigration authorities in another member state have previously registered you. If that is the case, your request for asylum may not be processed in Denmark.
If the Immigration Service determines that another EU country, Norway, Switzerland, Iceland or Liechtenstein is responsible for processing your application under the Dublin Regulation that country will normally be asked to assume responsibility for the application. If that country accepts responsibility, you will be transported to that country and have your application for asylum processed there.
If you are having an application for asylum processed in another EU country, Norway, Switzerland, Iceland or Liechtenstein, you will be returned to that country.
If the Immigration Service requests another country to assume responsibility for you in order to your application for asylum, you have the right to appeal the decision to the Refugee Board of Appeals. Appealing an Immigration Service decision you can receive free legal assistance and can be represented by the Danish Refugee Council.
You have the right to remain in Denmark until the Refugee Board of Appeals issues its ruling.
You have seven days to appeal an Immigration Service decision. The immigration Service must have received the intention to appeal within seven days of you being informed of the decision. If an appeal is lodged after seven days, it will be rejected.