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Public debts

In order to be granted a permanent residence permit, you must meet the basic requirement of not having any overdue public debt.  

A debt is considered overdue if the public is entitled to payment of the debt, or if the amount due has not been repaid by the due date. 

The following types of debt are considered public debts, debts you are not allowed to have if you wish to be granted a permanent residence permit (conclusive list):

  • Social Service Act or Active Social Policy Act public benefits that you are required by law to repay (such as overpaid social benefits).
  • Child support paid in advance.
  • Day-care payment.
  • Repayment of housing benefits.
  • Repayment of housing benefits loan.
  • Taxes and levies, unless the amount in arrears is due to circumstances beyond the applicant’s control.

Other debts, such as student loans, bank loans or loans in a credit institution are not considered public debts and will not prevent you from being granted a permanent residence permit.

Extension of payment

If you have been granted an extension of repayment, you still have the possibility of being granted a permanent residence permit. However, it is a requirement that the debt does not exceed DKK 113,850.57 (2017 level).

If you have been granted an extension of repayment, it means that the creditor (the state or municipality) has given you (the debtor) permission to postpone the repayment of the debt until after the original due date. For example, the tax administration (SKAT) may award you an extension of payment.

If in doubt, the municipality, the tax authorities (SKAT) or ‘Udbetaling Danmark’ can tell you if you have been granted an extension of payment.

Repayment Schedule

You cannot be granted a permanent residence permit if you have overdue public debts, even if you have agreed to a repayment schedule.

A repayment schedule (installment agreement) means that you have agreed with the state or municipality that you will pay off the debt in installments rather than as a lump sum. For example, you may agree to pay DKK 500 per month for 3 years.

Documentation

When you apply for a permanent residence permit, you are required to sign a sworn declaration that you have none of the abovementioned types of public debt.

The declaration is included in the digital self-service solution and in the printable application forms to be used when applying for a permanent residence permit.

If you have any overdue public debt and you repay it after submitting the application but before the Immigration Service rules in the case, you must enclose documentation that shows that you no longer have any public debt.



Last update: 1/10/2017
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Published by: The Danish Immigration Service