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How to apply for permanent residence

This page describes how to apply for a permanent residence permit. 

When can you apply?

You can apply for a permanent residence permit whenever you wish to. You do not need to wait until you residence permit is about to expire. However, it is important that you submit the application before the current residence permit expires.

If you do not meet all the requirements for a permanent residence permit, you can apply for an extension of the current residence permit instead. If you apply for an extension of the current residence permit, you can apply 3 months prior to when the current residence permit expires. Read more about how to apply for an extension in the section on newtodenmark.dk that concerns the grounds for residency, e.g. work, asylum or family reunification.

If you submit an application for a permanent residence permit or extension of you current residence permit after the current residence permit has expired, the application will have been submitted too late and you are therefore residing illegally in Denmark. Because you are residing illegally in Denmark, you can expect that the Immigration Service will refuse the application. This applies regardless of how long you have resided illegally in Denmark. The Immigration Service will only process applications that are submitted too late if Denmark’s international obligations require it.

If the application is refused, you will normally have to leave Denmark. If you still wish to reside in Denmark, you have to apply for a new residence permit. The new application will be processed under the regulations that apply when the application is submitted. Therefore you will not be able to get the former residence permit extended.

If you reside illegally in Denmark, you risk being reported to the police and expelled with a prohibition of returning which means that you cannot enter Denmark within a specified period.

Apply online – if you have a residence permit on the grounds of family reunification or asylum

If you have a residence permit on the grounds of family reunification or asylum, or if you belong to a special group e.g. if you have residence permit on humanitarian grounds or on the grounds of strong ties to Denmark, you must apply for a permanent residence permit digitally (online).

> TU1-4 online: Application for a permanent residence permit (in Danish only)

TU1-4 online requires the use of NemID. Read more about NemID.

Please note: It is mandatory to use the digital self-service solution TU1-4 online when applying for a permanent residence permit on the grounds of family reunification or asylum etc., unless you are exempt from this requirement. Read more about the mandatory digital self-service.

When you hand in a digital (online) application you must be aware that you in person within the period of 14 days must have recorded biometric features at the Danish Immigration Service's Citizen Service. If you live outside the Greater Copenhagen area, you can also have the biometric features recorded at a police station capable of recording biometric features.

Apply online or use an application form - if you have a residence permit on the grounds of work or study

If you have a residence permit on the grounds of work or study, you must use the printable application form TU4, or you can apply digitally (online). This also applies if you have a residence permit as a religious worker or if you have a residence permit as an accompanying family member to a foreign national who has a residence permit in Denmark on the grounds of work or study.  

Please note: It is mandatory to use either the printable application form TU4 or the digital self-service solution TU1-4 online if you are applying for an permanent residence permit on grounds of work or study, unless you are exempt from this requirement. Read more about the mandatory use of printable application forms or digital self-service solutions.

Online application

> TU1-4 online: Application for a permanent residence permit (in Danish only)

TU1-4 online requires the use of NemID. Read more about NemID.
 
Please note: When you submit a digital application you must meet in person to get the biometric features recorded within 14 days of submitting the application. Biometric features can be recorded at the Immigration Service’s Citizen Service. If you live outside the Greater Copenhagen Area, you can also get the biometric features recorded at a police station that is capable of recording biometric features. See a list of police stations capable of recording biometric features.

Printable application form

> Form TU4: Application for a permanent residence permit for foreigners with a residence permit on the ground of work or study (in Danish only)

You can download and print the printable application form TU4 under Forms. You can also get the application form at the Danish Immigration Service's Citizen Service or at a police station capable of recording biometric features.

A printable application form for a permanent residence on the grounds of work or study can be handed in at the Danish Immigration Service's Citizen Service. If you live outside the Greater Copenhagen area, you can also hand in the application at a police station where you can have the biometric features recorded (digital photo and fingerprint) for a residence card in connection with submitting the application. See a list of police stations capable of recording biometric features

You can also send the application the Danish Immigration by post or email. If you send the application by post or email you must be aware that you in person within the period of 14 days must have recorded biometric features at the Danish Immigration Service's Citizen Service. If you live outside the Greater Copenhagen area, you can also have the biometric features recorded at a police station capable of recording biometric features.

Application for extension of temporary residence permit

When you have a residence permit on the grounds of work or study you should, you must together with the application for a permanent residence permit fill out an application for an extension of the current residence permit or enclose a new application for a temporary residence permit. You must do so even though the temporary residence permit is due to expire later. You should use that application form that suits the current or new grounds for residency. Use the form guide to find the relevant application form

The Danish Immigration Service will ask The Danish Agency for International Recruitment and Integration about the applicant’s grounds for residency in the case assessment.   

Application fee

You will normally have to pay a fee when applying for permanent residence. Please note, that an application for permanent residence can be rejected if you do not pay the application fee. Read more about fees

Rejection

The application for permanent residence permit can be rejected if you submit the application for a permanent residence permit or an extension of the current residence permit after the current residence permit has expired.

The application can also be rejected if it does not include the required information this means that the necessary documents are not enclosed or the necessary information is lacking in order to be able to rule in the case.

The application forms clearly state which information you need to submit, and which documentation you need to include with the application .If the application for a permanent residence permit is rejected, the Immigration Service will only process the application for a temporary extension of residence permit.

Finally an application can be rejected if it is not submitted through the mandatory digital self-service solution TU1-4 online or the mandatory printable application form TU4. This means that if the application is rejected the Immigration Service will not process the application and you have to apply once more. Read more about the mandatory use of digital self-service or printable application forms.

Case processing times

The Immigration Service has defined expected maximum processing times for most types of applications.

See the Immigration Service' application processing times.

Duty to give correct information

Please note, you are obliged to give truthful and complete information to public authorities.

The Immigration Service can report you to the police if the information is found to be false or incomplete.

If you have given false or incomplete information, you can be punished with a fine or imprisonment.

Appeal

The Immigration Service rules in cases concerning applications for a permanent residence permit. If the Immigration Service rejects the application, you can appeal to the Immigration Appeals Board.

The appeal process will be explained in detail in the ruling from the Immigration Service. Read more about appeals.



Last update: 7/5/2017
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Published by: The Danish Immigration Service