Questions and answers

Any foreign national in Denmark can submit an application for asylum. You can apply for asylum regardless of whether you entered Denmark illegally or have a residence permit or visa.

You can only apply for asylum if you are in Denmark.

If you are in a country other than Denmark, you cannot apply for asylum in Denmark. This includes requests made in person at a Danish diplomatic mission (embassy or consulate) or by writing to the Immigration Service, the police or the Ministry of Immigration and Integration.

Asylum can be granted according to one of the following three sections in the Aliens Act.

Requirements for obtaining convention status

You can be granted a residence permit as a refugee if the UN Refugee Convention applies to your situation. This would be the case if:

  • You have a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, and
  • You are outside the country of your nationality

If the conditions above apply to your situation, you will be granted a residence permit under the terms of Aliens Act section 7 (1).

Requirements for obtaining protected status

You can be approved as a refugee with protected status if returning to your home country would mean you face capital punishment, torture or inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment.

If the conditions above apply in your situation, you will be granted a residence permit under the terms of Aliens Act section 7 (2).

Requirements for obtaining temporary protected status

You can be approved as a refugee with temporary protected status if you face capital punishment, torture or inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment if you return to your home country, and if these risks stem from severe instability and indiscriminate violence against civilians in your home country.

If the conditions above apply in your situation, you will be granted a residence permit under the terms of Aliens Act section 7 (3).

You can apply for asylum in two ways:

  • By appearing in person at a police station in Denmark
  • By appearing in person at the reception centre Sandholm

If you apply for asylum in writing, you will be asked to appear in person at a police station or at the reception centre Sandholm in order to be registered.

You will be registered and you will be photographed and fingerprinted by the police. You will then be assigned accommodation at an asylum centre and the Immigration Service will begin processing your application.

Temporary residence permit

Your initial residence permit will be valid temporarily. The length of time it is valid for depends on which conditions apply to your situation.

If you are granted convention status, you will be granted a residence permit that can be extended for up to two years at a time.

If you are granted protected status, you will be granted a residence permit for up to a year. Once you have held a residence permit for a year, your residence permit that can be extended for up to two years at a time.

If you are granted temporary protected status, you will be granted a residence permit for up to a year at a time. Once you have held a residence permit for three years, your residence permit that can be extended for up to two years at a time.

Temporary protected status

If you are granted temporary protected status, special rules apply for when your family can apply for family reunification. Read more about applying for family reunification with individuals granted temporary protected status

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