If you are seeking asylum in Denmark, you are required to live at an asylum centre while your application is processed. If you have received a final refusal, you are required to continue living at an asylum centre until you depart the country or are deported.
The Immigration Service will assign you to live at a specific asylum centre. You will normally end up living at least two centres (a reception centre and an accommodation centre) before you are granted a residence permit, leave Denmark or are deported. However, certain asylum seekers can be approved to live in privately owned homes not affiliated with an asylum centre.
There are several types of asylum centres:
- Reception centres - for asylum seekers who are newly arrived in Denmark.
- Accommodation centres - for asylum seekers whose applications are being processed in Denmark.
- Transit centre - for asylum seekers whose applications were refused, and where no final decision has been made regarding contributions to deportation, or where the persons are willing to assist with their deportation.
- Departure centres - for asylum seekers whose applications were refused and who do not assist with their deportation and asylum seekers to be transferred or returned to another EU country under the Dublin Regulation, as well as asylum seekers whose applications were refuse in the manifestly unfounded procedure.
In addition, there are special centres for unaccompanied minor asylum seekers and for asylum seekers who are seriously ill or need special care for some other reason.
The Immigration Service is responsible for providing accommodations at asylum centres. Day-to-day operation of asylum centres is carried out together with various operators.
These operators are: The Prison and Probation Service (Kriminalforsorgen), the Red Cross, Tønder Municipality and Vesthimmerlands Municipality.
Asylum accommodation in the Danish Emergency Management Agency (Beredskabsstyrelsen) centres in the event of a possible expansion of capacity in a short period of time, takes place in cooperation between the Danish Emergency Management Agency and four municipal operators.